It is the basis of life and necessary for the life of plants, humans and animals. It is contaminated by chemical, natural or organic pollution, and it can be purified to make it drinkable.
Water purification methods: -
Traditional methods: -
Raise the temperature of the water by a heat source to the boiling point, and leave it to kill germs, parasites and bacteria in it, in order to purify the small quantities.
A ratio between 0.1 and 1.0 million of chlorine is added depending on the degree of contamination in any form of gaseous, liquid or solid, and this method is one of the most effective methods of purification.
Modern methods: -
It is a highly oxidizing chemical substitute for chlorine, which has had side effects for human health, and some experts have linked it to cancer, and ozone gas has proven its great ability to purify water if used correctly.
• UV :
One of the modern technologies that have proven effective in eliminating pollutants in water and bacteria.
• Ultrasound :
It is a technique called environmentally friendly technology because it does not leave any side effects harmful to the environment, by means of which water is purified at high frequencies that exceed the ability of human hearing, which results in killing a large proportion of bacterial organisms that pollute the water.